Disease and Conditions
In MS, damage to the insulating layer around nerves can cause numbness, vision problems, difficulties with walking and fatigue.
Motor neurone disease - loss of the nerves that transmit signals from the brain to the muscles - causes progressive muscle weakness and paralysis.
Loss of particular nerves in the brain causes Parkinson's disease patients to have a tremor and difficulty with movement.
Cognitive disorder refers to problems with some or all of memory, language, thinking and understanding.
If a blood vessel in or around the brain bursts it can cause bleeding, which is called a haemorrhagic stroke.
HD is an inherited condition that causes gradual degeneration of the central nervous system.
Fragile X is an inherited condition causing intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorders.